Pakistan: A State in the Army’s Shadow

General Qamar Javed Bajwa, the Chief of Army Staff, Pakistan, assumed office on November 29th, 2016. The COAS in Pakistan has a set term of three years. Accordingly, General Bajwa was set to retire on November 28, 2019.  On August 19th, the Pakistan PMO notified via a press release bearing official number PMO/3232/SPM/19 undersigned by … Continue reading Pakistan: A State in the Army’s Shadow

Dynamics of Democracy and Espionage

Democracies today are facing a new challenge: balancing the act of spycraft with the rights of privacy and freedom of speech and expression. Today, the United States is a massive world power because revelations about mass intelligence gathering by the US and its allies serve the useful purpose of advancing the national interest of the … Continue reading Dynamics of Democracy and Espionage